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Sandoval advocates resetting budget baseline and spending to 2007 levels



brian_sandoval-150x150-3304059-1878081Brian Sandoval today announced that state government caseloads and student enrollment are flat and said the state can no longer sustain ever-increasing budgets.

“Since 2007, Nevada’s population has declined by almost 3 percent while state spending has increased by 38 percent,” Sandoval said.  “It is time for a fundamental correction in how we build the state budget. For as long as anyone can remember, we have created the state budget by using the prior two years as the baseline and simply increasing spending.  For many years this method worked; growth was constant and there was always more money available.  The recent economic downturn, however, has changed our state revenue projections to such a degree that we must completely rethink how we budget going forward.”

Describing his plan for bringing state spending in line with available revenues, Sandoval said that most Nevadans don’t know the Legislature has operated under the false assumption that increased population and increased caseloads will make future spending increases necessary.  The facts do not bear that out:

  • Since 2007, Nevada’s population has actually declined by 2.59 percent.  More than 70,000 residents have left the state.
  • Enrollment in our schools has increased by only 3% since 2007 and is expected to be flat in the coming year.
  • Caseloads in prisons, mental health, child welfare, and parole and probation are either flat or declining; only Medicaid continues to post dramatic caseload increases.

“Population is down and caseloads in almost every category are flat, yet we continue to spend more each year and some are calling for increased taxes in the face of the worst economic recession of our time,” Sandoval said.  “Medicaid caseloads have increased significantly, and we must meet that need.  However, Nevada’s current level of institutional spending is unsustainable, and needs to end.  We must change the way we budget by beginning with the amount of money we have, not with the money we spent two years ago.”

Sandoval said the latest revenue projections indicate that the state will have $5.2 billion to spend in the coming biennium.  In 2007, the state spent $5.8 billion but spending has since grown to $8 billion.

As governor, Sandoval will:

  • Begin the budget process by resetting our baseline to 2007 and rolling back spending to 2007 levels.
  • Require state agencies to budget against available revenue, existing caseloads, and the realities of a declining population.
  • Fully fund Medicaid and ensure that critical social service programs are not used as “human shields” to protect a growing bureaucracy.
  • Continue state employee furloughs and related salary reductions.
  • Pursue agency consolidations, privatization and efficiencies such as those proposed by the SAGE Commission wherever possible, once he has selected his cabinet and met with all agency heads.

“I believe in the resiliency of Nevada and our economy and times will get better,” Sandoval said.   “It is important that we plan for that recovery and take steps to ensure we are able to more adequately fund our most important priorities in the future.  We will fund agencies based on caseloads, population and demand – not the prior year’s personnel costs and desired increases.  We can no longer just increase budgets year after year if receipts and caseloads are not there.  Nor can we raise taxes to sustain spending levels that are simply out of line with population and caseload.  We have to protect Nevada families and businesses from higher taxes so we can get Nevadans working again.”

The case for a fundamental budget correction

Although Nevada’s population has actually declined since 2007, and a number of key caseload indicators are either flat or declining, state spending has increased dramatically.

Key Caseload Indicators
2007 Actual2011 Actual
Nevada Population2,718,3372,647,921
% Change-2.59%
K-12 Student Enrollment413,260425,679
% Change3.01%*
Higher Ed Student Enrollment61,32265,858
% Change7.40%
Medicaid Recipients*171,634290,000**
% Change68.96%
Mental Health Unduplicated Caseload16,50017,000
% Change3.03%
Child Welfare Out of Home Placements5,5495,055
% Change-8.90%
Inmate Population12,81313,009
% Change1.53%***
Parole and Probation Caseload23,84022,797
% Change-4.38%
* Projected 1.54% in 2012
** 2011 Estimate
***Projected -1.99% in 2012
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